Lecture Series at the Museum Explores Southern Legend


Lucy Pickens

Jefferson Historical Society & Museum will host Sam Moseley July 19 for a lecture on the Wyalucing Plantation, Bishop College and Lucy Holcombe Pickens.


The Historical Museum, 223 West Austin Street, Jefferson, will also provide a wine & cheese reception at 6 p.m. The program is expected to run from 6:30 p.m. to 7:15 p.m.

WYALUCING AND LUCY, presented by “Sam Moseley, Esq.,” will explore a fascinating history.

Lucy Petway Holcombe Pickens (June 11, 1832 – August 8, 1899) was a 19th-century American socialite of Tennessee and Texas, known during and after her lifetime as the “Queen of the Confederacy”. Described as “beautiful, brilliant, and captivating”, she helped shape the stereotype of the “Southern belle.” Born into a planter’s family, she moved with them to Marshall, Texas, in 1848 at age 16. They lived in the Capitol Hotel in the Marshall while waiting for the construction of the main house and outbuildings for their cotton plantation Wyalucing.

Lucy married Colonel Francis Wilkinson Pickens of South Carolina in 1858, after he was nominated as United States ambassador to Russia. They returned to the United States in 1860 and he was elected as governor of the state several days before South Carolina seceded. An advocate of secession, Lucy Holcombe Pickens was the only woman to be depicted on the currency of the Confederacy.

Wyalucing Plantation, the two-story brick plantation home of Beverly Lafayette Holcombe, on a hilltop in Marshall, was built between 1848 and 1850 by slave labor. The house was designed to resemble a rectangular Grecian temple, with columns on all four sides. It was sold from the family in 1880.

Bishop CollegeThe American Baptist Home Mission Society acquired the Wyalucing house and land and opened Bishop College there in 1881 to educate black students. The mansion house served as the home of the college president and later as a music hall and an administration building. After Bishop College relocated to Dallas in 1961, the house was demolished in 1962.



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