History Moment By William “Doc” Halliday

Boss Tweed

Boss tweedIn 1772 the first in a network of Tammany Societies was opened in Philadelphia. These societies were founded as clubs for “pure Americans”, and many opened throughout the United States after the American Revolution. The name Tammany was derived from Tamanend, who was a chief of one of the clans of the Delaware Indians during the seventeenth century. Tamanend was known as a lover of peace and friendship. He negotiated at least eight treaties with William Penn. A statue of Tamanend in Philadelphia is inscribed with the words “live in peace as long as the waters run in the rivers and creeks and as long as the stars and moon endure.” Tamanend became a national symbol of new American patriotism throughout much of the newly formed country.

In 1786, Tammany Hall was founded in New York City. It wasn’t until the following year that the constitution was written for the fledgling United States. In 1789 the organization was incorporated as the Society of St. Tammany and functioned as a political organization. It would continue to function as a political organization for almost two centuries. It was tied to the Democrat Party and obtained much of its popularity from its willingness to help the poor and mostly immigrant population; most notably Irish. Thirty-seven years after Tammany Hall…

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